As we gear up for the new school year, our department has created a step by step outline of how to use the Indicators of Inclusive Schools Tool on the Alberta Ed website. This is a great conversation starter but a tad overwhelming when you first glance through the booklet. My goal in writing this was to make this more user friendly. So this is what I wrote...
How inclusive is your school? Feel pretty good about it? Not sure? Want to improve? Alberta Education has created an excellent tool to help you move forward on the path to becoming a “welcoming, high quality learning and working environment” (District Priority # 2, 2014-2018, http://epsb.ca/ourdistrict/vision/, 2014).
Indicators of Inclusive Schools is a resource that:
- supports school leaders in initiating a focused
conversation about inclusive learning environments;
- supports evidence informed decision making that embraces
and values diversity;
- helps schools determine strengths, and identify and reflect
on actions that they can take to enhance inclusive learning
- provides a multi-entry process that can guide priority
setting and inform improvement planning, including
the three year education plan; and
- includes sample tools and a set of surveys that school
leaders can use to identify and plan for how to reduce
barriers to student success
(Indicators of Inclusive Schools, page 5, para 2, Alberta Education, 2014)
When you think of the word inclusion, what does it mean to you and your staff?
-working with the Inclusive Learning Team?
-students with severe special needs in your classes?
-more paper work?
-Individual Program Plans (IPPs)?
-Educational Assistants will be needed?
-Action on Inclusion?
-Am I capable?
-Will I know what to do?
-What will an included student get out of being in my class?
These may be all part of the understanding and/or fear of an inclusive setting. How are we to achieve Edmonton Public’s expectation of an “inclusive education system with its values reflected in District programs, operations and practices” (HA.BP, para 1)?
The Board Policy HA.BP describes such a system for us to follow in their philosophical foundation statement. Many schools have worked to create a welcoming, supportive environment that honors diversity. As it is policy, how can we strengthen, maintain and build upon these practices?
In the past years we have worked to implement this policy through a variety of avenues and documents in our district (you may or may not be able to access these (If not and you would like more information, please email me):
- Early Years Guiding Document
- District Specialized Assessment Practice Standards
- work is currently being completed for Safety Plans for students with challenging behaviours
We have read it all and at times, still struggle to become the welcoming community of included learners that we all want to be. Alberta Education has provided this tool, Indicators of an Inclusive School, to support leaders in their communication with staff to become that truly inclusive community where every child is welcomed and has their needs met emotionally, physically, and academically.
This guide is organized in five dimensions:
- Establishing Inclusive Values and Principles
- Building Inclusive Learning Environments
- Providing Supports for Success
- Organizing Learning and Instruction
- Engaging with Parents and the Community
Tools provided include:
- Conversation Guides for each dimension (page 29 of document for link to printable tool/ pages 15, 16 for facilitation process)
- this tool helps you look at where your school currently stands by asking for specific examples and non-examples in each dimension.
- Getting at the Root of the Challenge (page 29 of document for link to printable tool / pages 17, 18, 19 for facilitation process)
- this tool gives opportunity to find out the deeper reasons behind a stall in the direction of inclusion; the “whys” behind not moving toward inclusion.
3. Action Planning ( page 29 of document for link to printable tool/ pages 20 -24 for
a. this tool offers the “nuts and bolts” of moving toward inclusion with indications of who is responsible and a timeline for completion. This is the IPP for the school so to speak. Just as we create IPPs for students to move forward, the creation of the action plan becomes our school IPP. Let's call this the Inclusive Action Plan (IAP).
4. Surveys (page 29 of document for link to printable tools/ Pages 25-26 for facilitation process)
a. this tool has complete surveys for parents, division II, III and IV students, school staff, and district authorities. Suggestions are offered as to how to deliver surveys either via paper or online. Ideas on how to disseminate data collected are given also.
b. using this tool offers your whole school community an opportunity to engage in the discussion.
Having this tool in hand, how can the Inclusive Learning Team assist you in building capacity in school staff to meet the needs of your diverse learners in your school? How can we assist you in creating your school IAP?
Possible suggestions to discuss with your IL Supervisor include:
-collaborative problem solving
-resources to support common language
-review of the Inclusive Learning Publications
-targeted processes to meaningfully involve parents of students with special needs
- Inclusive Schooling. Are We There Yet? by Caustin, J & Theoharis, G
- Inclusion is About an Attitude by Smeaton, C
- What We Mean When We Talk About Inclusion by Institute for Community Inclusion
- Longing to Belong by Samson, K
- Presuming Competence by Biklen, D & Burke, J
- Video: Thaysa
“Inclusion is about belonging. Reasonable and appropriate accommodations can help us to integrate our students, but intentionality and planning is needed to ensure that every student belongs—all the time.”